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RECORDS OF BIG GAME

Liaiv.v-

RECORDS OF BIG GAME

WITH

THE DISTRIBUTION, CHARACTERISTICS, DIMENSIONS,

WEIGHTS, AND

HORN & TUSK MEASUREMENTS

OF THE DIFFERENT SPECIES

FOURTH EDITION

By ROWLAND WARD, f.z.s.

LONDON

ROWLAND WARD, limited

“THE JUNGLE/’ 166 PICCADILLY, W. 1903

WELLCOME INSTITUTE LIBRARY

Coll.

weiMOmec

Call

No.

TO THE

SPORTSMEN OF THE WORLD

WITHOUT WHOSE ENTERPRISE THESE RECORDS COULD NOT HAVE BEEN COMPILED

THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED

PREFACE TO FOURTH EDITION

In this edition the finest known specimens of antlers, horns, tusks, and skins are, so far as possible, recorded. It has been found impracticable in some instances to verify the measure- ments of trophies in distant parts of the world ; and such records must accordingly be taken on the responsibility of their respective owners or those who have been good enough to measure them. It is to be regretted that one pair of hands and a steel -tape are not responsible for the measurements of all the actual “records.” One of the many difficulties in con- nection with compilation of this nature is due to the circum- stance that different measurements of the same specimen are often sent ; this arising sometimes from the use of a common tape or string, instead of a steel -measure. With the horns

of freshly killed hollow-horned ruminants an allowance for shrinkage should be made when comparing with older trophies. An average specimen of an Ovis ammon horn, for instance, will frequently shrink half an inch in length and proportionately in girth after it has left the field.

With the Cei'vidce many difficulties have arisen as to

comparison ; and I may point out that although length of

vii

PREFACE TO FOURTH EDITION

viii

antlers is invariably put at the top of the list, other particulars such as number of tines , general symmetry , spread , and zveight of antler , are in many instances the making of a good trophy. In this edition the measurements of smaller specimens have been omitted.

I have to thank many sportsmen and naturalists all over the world for the help they have afforded, especially Prince Henry of Liechtenstein for the particulars of Continental Red Deer.

In the present volume great care has been taken with regard to the accuracy of the dimensions ; and, considering the number of measurements, it will be readily understood the task attempted has been one of no ordinary difficulty.

ROWLAND WARD.

August 1903.

ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGNS

Owner’s measurements and particulars or other known authority.

<$ Male. 9 Female. ... Unrecorded.

R, Right horn or antler. L, Left horn or antler.

Measurements are on the outside of the longest horn from base to tip ; with Deer from the bottom edge of burr, or coronet, to the highest tip-point, except when notified to the contrary.

Circumference is at the base ; with Deer above brow-tine ; in the Red Deer and Wapiti group between bez and trez tines.

Length is expressed in inches, when not otherwise stated.

Weights taken in the field should be accepted as approximate, and, unless mentioned, are of adult males.

Heights are in most cases taken at the shoulder of adult males (see p. 488).

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

PAGE

Abyssinian Bohor Reedbuck Horns

Brindled Gnu Horns

. 144

(Front View) ....

.

207

Bubaline Hartebeest Horns .

. 1 14

Abyssinian Bohor Reedbuck Horns (Side

Buffon’s Kob Frontlet and Horns .

. 191

View) .....

209

Burchell’s Rhinoceros Horns .

. 446

Abyssinian Buffalo Skull and Horns

402

,, ,, Skull and Horns . 449

,, Ibex Skulls and Horns

355

Burmese Banting Head

. 424

,, Oribi Skulls

170

Bushbuck Heads ....

288, 292

Addax Skull and Horns

284

Addra Gazelle Head

258

Cape Buffalo Horns

399

African Elephant Head

454

Cape Hartebeest Horns

. 124

,, ,, Tusk.

456

Chamois Head and Horns . 320

, 323, 324

,, Rhinoceros Head

442

Chiru Head .....

. 220

,, ,, Horns

441

Chital Head .....

. 80

Alaskan Elk Skull and Antlers

8

Clarke’s Gazelle Head .

. 262

Alpine Ibex Head

352

,, ,, Skull and Horns .

. 260

American Bison Skull and Horns .

4i3

Coke’s Hartebeest Head

121

Anoa Head .....

410

Congo Buffalo Skull and Horns

405

Arabian Tahr Skull and Horns

338

Cyprian Muflon Head .

393

Arna Head .

406

Arui Head .....

37i

Dibatag Skull and Horns

. 260

,, Head ....

. 262

Banting Head ....

424

Dorcas Gazelle Head .

232

Bear ......

481

Duiker Horns ....

153

Beira Antelope Skulls and Horns .

266, 267

Beisa Head .....

281

East Caucasian Tur Head

366

,, Oryx Head ....

279

East Siberian Elk Antlers

13

Bharal Head ....

368

Eastern Red Deer Antlers

14, 40, 42

Bighorn Head ....

373

Eland Horns (Bull)

3i3

Blackbuck Head ....

213

,, ,, (Cow)

3i5

,, Horns ....

210

Elk Antlers .....

8, 9, 13

Blesbok Horns ....

143

,, Skull and Antlers .

8

Blue Duiker Head

156

European Bison Skulls and Horns

. 411

Boar Head .....

432

,, Muflon Head

394

,, Tusk .....

430

Extinct Giant Irish Deer Skull

67

Bohor Reedbuck ....

206

Bongo Skull and Horns

310,

3i 1

Fallow Deer Head

. 64

Bontebok Head ....

137

Four-horned Antelope Head

161

Brindled Gnu Head

145

Fringe-eared Beisa Head

281

xi

XII

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

[

PAGE

Gaur Skulls and Horns

417, 418

Markhor Horns (Astor)

342

Gayal Skull and Horns

423

,, ,, (Cabul)

346

Gemsbuck Skull and Horns .

276

,, ,, (PirPanjal). . 341,344

Gerenuk Heads ....

262,

263

,, ,, (Suleman) .

346

Giraffe Skull and Head

109,

I IO

,, ,, (Western)

345

Goa Head .....

225

,, Head (Suleman) .

347

Goitred Gazelle Skulls and Horns

22S,

231

Marsh-Deer Antlers . . . 105,

106

Grant’s Gazelle Skulls and Horns .

251

Mesopotamian Fallow Deer Head .

66

Gray Rhebok ....

I98

Mexican White-tailed Deer Dead .

98

Gray’s Waterbuck

.

IS7

Mountain Reedbuck Head .

203

Greater Kudu Head

.

301

Mule-Deer Head . . . .101,

103

,, ,, Horns .

305,

307

Muntjac Antlers ....

89

Grysbuck Head ....

175

,, Head

9i

Musk-Ox Head ....

397

Hangul Head ....

44

Himalayan Goral ....

325

Neumann's Ilartebeest Skull and Head.

128

,, Serow Skull and Horns

329

Nilgai Head .....

286

,, Tahr Head .

336

Nilgiri Tahr Head

339

Hog- Deer Head ....

78

Nubian Ibex Head ....

356

Hunter’s Ilartebeest Head

123

Nyala Horns

294

Nyasaland Gnu Head ....

147

Ibex Heads .....

35°>

352

Impala Head ....

217

Oribi Head ......

168

,, Skull and Horns

214

Indian Buffalo Head

406

I’ala Head .

217

,, Elephant Skull and Tusks

450

,, Skull and Horns ....

214

,, Gazelle Head

236

Peking Sika Stag .....

61

,, Muntjac Antlers

#

89

,, Head ....

62

,, Rhinoceros Horns

437>

438

Pelzeln’s Gazelle Head, male

241

,, Sambar Antlers .

69

Pere David's Deer Antlers .

97

,, Tiger Skin

465

Persian Gazelle Skulls and Horns .

228

Peters’s Gazelle Skulls and Horns .

254

Jackson’s Ilartebeest Skull and Head

#

126

Phillips’s Dik-dik Skull

164

Japanese Sika Antlers .

59

Prong-horn Head .....

1 12

Javan Rusa Skull and Antlers

76

Przewalski’s Gazelle Skull and Horns .

227

Johnston’s Gnu Head .

147

Puku Skull and Horns ....

196

Punjab Urial .....

39i

Kamchatkan Bighorn Skull and Horns .

377

Kirk’s Dik-dik ....

166

Red Deer Antlers (Austria-Hungary) 29, 30, 35

Klipspringer Skull and Head

1 78

,, ,, (Caucasus).

40

Korrigum Head ....

.

133

,, ,, (Eastern) . . 14, 40, 42

Kudu Head .....

301

,, ,, (Exmoor) .

21

,, ,, in the Castle at Moritz-

Lesser Kudu Head

308

burg .

37

Lesser Bushbuck Heads

00

00

M

292

,, ,, (Old English) .

23

Loder’s Gazelle Head .

243

,, ,, (Stoke Park)

22

Lichi or Lechwe Head .

194

,, ,, (Scotch) .

16

Lichtenstein’s Ilartebeest Head

130

,, ,, (Tartarow, Galicia) 25, 26

Livingstone’s Antelope Skull and Horns

173

Red-fronted Gazelle Head

247

Reedbuck Head .....

200

Malayan Sambar Antlers

.

73

Reindeer Antlers . . . 1,

2, 3

Manchurian Tiger Skin

467

,, Head .....

4

Marco Polo’s Sheep Head

379

Roan Antelope Head ....

273

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Rocky Mountain Bighorn Head

PAGE

373

,, ,, Goat Head

335

Roe Deer Antlers (Siberian) .

94

,, Skull and Antlers .

96

Sable Antelope Flead .

. 271

Skull and Horns .

. 268

Saiga Head .....

. 219

,, Florns. ....

. 218

Salt’s Dik-dik Head

163

Sambar Antlers ....

. 69

Sassaby Head ....

. 141

Schomburgk’s Deer Antlers .

85

Senegal Gazelle Flead .

. 247

Senegambian Buffalo Horns .

404

,, Eland Horns .

318

Shapu Head ....

388

Shou Skull and Antlers

49

Siberian Argali Skull and Florns .

383

Siberian Roe Antlers .

94

,, Skull and Antlers

. 96

Sinaitic Ibex Head

356

Sind Ibex Skull and Horns .

359

Sing-Sing Waterbuck Skull and Florns

. 183

Situtunga Horns ....

. 298

Snow- Leopard Skin

476

Soemmerring’s Gazelle Head, 6

255

Spanish Ibex Head

362

Speke’s Gazelle Flead, 6

- 239

Springbuck Florns

. 222

Steinbuck Head ....

. 176

Swamp-Deer Head

82, 84

Swayne’s Dik-dik Head

164

,, Hartebeest Head .

119

xiii

Takin Frontlet and Horns ,, Skull and Horns Thamin Antlers . Thian-Shan Ibex Head Thomson’s Gazelle Head, & Tibetan Argali Head Tiger ....

,, Skins .

Topi Hartebeest Head . Tora Frontlet and Horns Tur Heads .

,, Skull and Florns .

PACK

*■> '*»

oo3

332 . 86

350

249

385

. 488

465, 467

135

. 1 17

362, 366

364

Uganda Kob Skull and Horns Urial Head .....

Virginian White-tailed Deer Antlers

192

39i

99

Waller’s Gazelle Head . . . 263

Wapiti Flead . . . .52

,, Skull and Antlers 57

Wart-Hog Tusks ..... 435

Waterbuck Horns . . . .180

West African Bushbuck Horns . . 296

,, Hartebeest Horns . . 115

West Caucasian Tur Skull and Horns . 364

White Oryx Head .... 283

White-bearded Gnu Skull and Horns . 149

White-eared Kob Head . . .189

White-tailed Gnu Horns . . 151

Wild Goat Skull and Horns . . . 359

Yak Skull and Horns . . -415

Yarkand Stag Skull and Antlers . . 47

Gazelle Skulls and Horns 228, 231

RECORDS OF BIG GAME

Antlers of Male Woodland Reindeer. From a specimen in the British Museum.

REINDEER or CARIBOU (Rangifer tarandus).

Distinguished from all other deer by the presence of antlers in both sexes ; those of males being complex, with the brow-tines palmated and often unsymmetrical, and the bez, or second tine, also generally expanded. The muzzle is entirely covered with hair, the ears and tail are short, the throat has a fringe of long hair, and the coat is very thick and of a nearly uniform clove-brown colour, with some white in the region of the tail, and on the under parts and legs. The false or lateral hoofs are unusually large and spreading ; and there is a patch

B

2

RECORDS OF BIG GAME

of long white hair covering a gland on the hock, but none on the hind cannon-bone. Height at shoulder reaching to 4 feet 10 inches (New- foundland).

Reindeer inhabit the circumpolar regions of both hemispheres, in Europe including Scandinavia, Lapland, and Northern Russia ; their

Antlers of Male Woodland Reindeer from Nova Scotia.

From a specimen in the British Museum.

southern limit varies from 52 to 54° N. latitude, while they extend to between 80 and 81 northwards.

Several varieties, or local races, of reindeer are recognised. The more important are: (1) the Scandinavian reindeer (R. tarandus typicus) of Northern Europe and Asia, which is a rather small animal with moderately expanded antlers ; (2) the Spitzbergen rein- deer ( R . tarandus spetzbergensis'), characterised by the peculiar form of the nasal bones of the skull ; (3) the woodland reindeer ( R . tarandus

REINDEER OR CARIBOU

3

caribou) of the forest districts of Arctic America, distinguished by its large bodily size and the short, much-palmated antlers ; (4) the New- foundland reindeer ( R . tarandus terrce-novce ), which is closely allied to

Side view of Antlers of Male Barren-Ground Reindeer. From a specimen in the British Museum.

the last, but with even more complex antlers and some differences in coloration ; (5) the Greenland reindeer ( R . tarandus grcenlandicus), which is apparently very similar to the sixth variety ; and (6) the barren-ground reindeer ( R . tarandus arcticus ), from the open country north of the forests in America, a very distinct animal, characterised

4

RECORDS OF BIG GAME

by its small bodily size, and the great length and simple form of the antlers, in which, except on the brow-tine, there is scarcely any palma- tion. Certain other local forms have been named by American naturalists ; and the reindeer of Siberia and Nevada Zemlia have

Head of Male Newfoundland Reindeer. From Dr. J. A. Allen.

respectively received names, viz. R. t. sibiricus and R. t. pcarsoni. Reindeer heads are probably some of the most difficult to measure, owing to the different curves the top points frequently present. Females have smaller and lighter antlers than males.

Mr. Abel Chapman, in the Field , states that two or three-year-old bucks run between 224 and 280 lbs. ; but one big stag was made "perhaps erroneously) to scale over 420 lbs., clean.

REINDEER OR CARIBOU

5

Length on out- side

Circum-

ference.

Tip to Tip.

Widest

inside.

curve.

62

54

40

504

571

54

i3f

...

5 74

54

334

44.4

(outside)

-54i

6

42

504

-...

64

...

53

54§

44

204

••

-54

6f

214

32S

54

64

29

37

54

4i

48

52

53

44

48f

54

52i

54

15

264

-52

64

35

39f

52

4h

284

38

51!

44

4o|

48!

50

54

27

38

49

44

24I

32|

48

64

254

4 74

64

4°S

381

464

64

164

28

46

44

244

3i4

46

54

26|

35

454

54

3i4

334

454

44

19!

3i

444

5l

204

264

44f

5s

34

37

44

234

34

44

54

184

30

44

51

19

264

43t

5l

40

4i|

43

54

214

294

Points.

Locality.

21 + 17

Canada .

13 + 7

Arctic Regions

20 + 16

Do.

22+l8

Head of Tanana River, Alaska

41

Do.

11 + 13

N. America

12 + II

?

22+11

Alaska .

21 + 14

Canada .

12+ II

Labrador

17 + 12

N. Canada

20 + 30

?

7 + 7

N. Canada

17 + 14

Hudson Bay .

12 + 11

Barren Ground

7 + 9

N. America

17 + 15

Newfoundland

15 + 14

Itcha Mts. , B.C.

32

British Columbia

I5 + I5

Newfoundland

15 + 12

Do.

13 + 12

Do. .

15 + 13

N. Canada

10+ 12

Newfoundland

Do. .

18 + 17

Itcha Mts., B.C.

18 + 13

Newfoundland

17 + 14

Do. .

16 + 11

Do. .

10 + 8

Do. .

Owner.

Sir Edmund G. Loder, Bart. British Museum.

Sylvester Browne.

W. F. Sheard.

Do.

British Museum (Sir John Franklin).

Paris Museum.

Hon. J. C. Lister.

D. F. Mackenzie.

Hon. Walter Rothschild.

J. Talbot Clifton.

Imperial Museum, Vienna.

David T. Hanbury.

Sir Edmund G. Loder, Bart.

A. Barclay Walker.

Hon. Walter Rothschild.

Sir Edmund G. Loder, Bart.

W. Neil son.

J. Turner-Turner.

Capt. H. L. Cottingham.

H. Charrington.

F. C. Williamson.

David T. Hanbury.

W. R. Greene.

C. H. Akroyd.

W. Neilson.

Admiral SirWilliam Kennedy. Lieut. A. G. Allgood, R.N.

St. George Littledale.

Capt. R. H. Morgan.

6

RECORDS OF BIG GAME

Length on out- side curve.

Circum-

ference.

Tip to Tip.

Widest

inside.

-422

7i

33i

384

-424

42

6\

...

49.8

(outside)

18^

42

54

364

39-2

42

5f

38

4*4

41

54

20^

28

41

6

35

33

41

5

284

32

40 1

32i

37

40

5i

I9l

26

40

74

3i

38

40

6

3*4

354

39

23i

39

6

3i

304

39

7

28

3i

39

81

18

27

39

Si

24!

32

39

7

29

31!

39

Si

...

...

39

4i

26

26f

-39

7l

33

3il

381

5l

28^

...

3H

52

315

335

38A

5 4

22

283

Points. Locality.

22+18 Newfoundland 24 Do. .

33 Alaska .

20+12 Newfoundland 10+ 10 Do. .

15 + 9 Do. .

20 British Columbia

14+17 Newfoundland 20+17 Do.

12 + 1 1 Do. .

18+19 Do. .

19+ 14 Do. .

17+14 Do. .

15 + 10 Do. .

20+19 Do. .

15+12 Do. .

26 + 20 Do. .

18 + 16 ?

1 1 + 1 1 ?

1 5 + 1 5 Newfoundland 29 + 22 Do.

18+11 Do. .

18+ 1 1

15 + II

Owner.

R. Gordon Smith.

General R. L. Dashwood. Earl of Lonsdale.

Q. C. Colmore.

E. C. Russell.

Lieut. -Col. Hon. W. Coke. Lieut. -Col. C. C. Ellis.

S. 11. Whitbread.

1LR.H. Prince of Wales.

P. B. Vander-Byl.

F. C. Selous.

Admiral Sir William Kennedy. Sir Victor Brooke's Collection. Captain C. E. Stracey. Admiral Sir William Kennedy. Capt. G. R. Poole.

W. J. Chapman.

Duke of Westminster.

Sir Peter Walker, Bart.

D. E. Moir, B.N.

Lord Thurlow.

Lord Elphinstone.

F. C. Selous.

W. O. Bell- Irving.

Do. .

REINDEER OR CARIBOU

7

Length

on out- side

Circum-

ference.

Tip to Tip.

Widest

inside.

Points.

Locality.

Owner.

curve.

58

388

414

22 + 15

?

Sir V. Brooke’s Collection.

"594

7

38

44

15 + 16

Norway .

J. Whitaker.

-59

42

424

46

(outside)

7 + 5

Do. .

H. J. Elwes.

~58

6

304

37

33

Jotunheim, Norway .

S. Ratcliff.

-55s

38

43 s

18 + 8

Sundal Fjelds, Nor-

Capt. Gerard Ferrand.

4s

way

542

33*

4°f

I5 + I3

Norway .

J. H. Thomas.

54

5

22

4i?

16 + 11

Do. .

Kenneth M'Douall.

-524

5

27

364

26

Norway .

Abel Chapman.

-5i

6rV

...

Rundane, Norway .

Capt. John Marriott.

5°S

4s

24

29

16+13

?

H. R.H. the Duke of Saxe

(outside)

Coburg and Gotha.

49

4i

25

364

18+15

Do. .

T. II. Barnard.

472

42

17

27

18 + 14

Do. .

A. C. Gathorne Hardy.

47

48

23

29

17 + 9

Do. .

Kenneth M‘Douall.

464

6

214

26I

37

Do. .

Hon. Walter Rothschild.

-46

5

29

38

42

Jotunheim, Norway .

S. Ratcliff.

454

4l

26*

l

12 + 10

Norway .

Duke of Bedford.

44*

4s

34

394

1 1 + 10

Do. .

Rhys Williams.

44

4i

20*

324

12 + 9

Do. .

Col. C. B. Harvey.

41 4

4i

...

244

12 + 9

Spitzbergen

W. I). James.

4i

44

26i

3oi

12 + 12

Do.

Sir W. Martin Conway.

40

3l

314

344

12 + 9

Norway .

B. C. L. Burrows.

4

25i

...

7 + 5

Do. .

British Museum,

38

54

214

...

15 + 13

Do. .

Do.

37

4i

18

20*

15 + 1 1

E. Spitzbergen

Arnold Pike.

-36

64

34

334

23 + 20

Lapland .

Dublin Museum.

1 Perished antlers.

8

RECORDS OF BIG GAME

Skull and Antlers of Male Alaskan Elk.

From an Alaskan specimen in the possession of the Duke of Westminster.

ELK or MOOSE (Alces machlis).

Elk are the largest members of the deer tribe, and distinguished by their ungainly form, long limbs, broad, produced, and flabby muzzle (all of which, except a small triangular patch below the nostrils, is covered with hair), the presence of a pendulous hairy organ (the so-called bell ”) on the throat of the males, and the form and position of the antlers in that sex. These latter are set on the skull with their bases at right angles to the middle line of the face, and have neither brow- nor bez- tines. In the common species they expand after a short distance into a broad palmation, carrying a number of snags on the outer border. In young elk each antler is divided in a fork-like manner into a small front and a larger hind portion. The main hoofs are long and pointed, and the lateral pair large : there is a gland and tuft of hair both on the hock and hind cannon-bone, the latter being situated high up.

ELK OR MOOSE

9

The tail is very short. From birth to old age elk are uniformly coloured ; the general tint of the hair, which is long, coarse, and some- what brittle, varying from yellowish gray to deep blackish brown, and being usually darker in American than in European examples. The height varies from 5 feet 9 inches at the shoulder in Scandinavian examples to as much as 6 feet 6 inches or, it is said, even 8 feet in American specimens ; the weight from 900 to 1400 lbs., that of the antlers being about 60 lbs.

The elk inhabits the forests and marshy districts of Scandinavia,

Antlers of Common Elk.

Eastern and Northern Russia, and the Altai, and in America (where it is invariably known as moose) at the present time is found in Alaska, Montana, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. The Euro- pean and American elk are so similar that they do not seem worthy of being regarded as more than local races ; a third race inhabits Alaska. Scandinavian elk not unfrequently show little or no palmation of the antlers, and thus approximate to the East Siberian form.

An elk killed at Meswiez, Lithuania, by Count Scheibler, had the following dimensions :

IO RECORDS OF BIG GAME

Feet. Inches.

Length tip of nose to root of tail 8 6

Height at withers , 5 9

quarters .... 6 5L

Round neck near the ears 4 9

Estimated weight 1500 lbs.

A. American and A/as/can Races.

Greatest

width.

Length to longest tine.

Circum-

ference

above

burr.

Tip to Tip.

breadth of Palm.

Points.

Locality.

Owner.

-7S.V

49

l8

40

Yukon

\Y. F. Shearcl.

-76

43

26 + 21

Alaska

A. S. Reid.

-74

Do.

American Museum of

-73i

...

23

24 + 14

Do.

Natural History. C. F. Periolot.

72

47i

9i

37i

1 6*

20+17

Do.

Duke of Westminster.

-7ii

49

8 A

16

20 + 20

Do.

Sir Edmund G. Loder,

Bart.

-H-

0 t-s

1

55i

7h

29 ?

Do.

\Y. W. Hart.

-69

55

11 ?

37

21

21

Do.

F. B. Tolhurst.

2-69

48

10

32

Do.

Dali De Weese.

-67

...

23

Do.

J. H. Whitehouse.

66

442

IO*

49 h

14

17+14

Kenai Mts.

Viscount Powerscourt.

-66

-.ei

9 2

44

14

28

New Brunswick

S. Decatur.

-65

4i

24

14+13

Manitoba .

Otho Shaw.

-64^

47l

45i

Hi

31

?

Grahamstown Museum.

64

47

40

13

l6+ l6

Alaska

W. H. Welsh.

63 1

45

9

41

H

I5+H

Do.

David Davies.

-62 ^

18

20+12

New Brunswick

N. T. de Pauw.

62A

...

...

Alaska

C. G. Cowan.

-6i4

44

...

Canada

General R. L. Dashwood.

-61

38

11?

50

14

26

New Brunswick

J. Bodkin.

60

40

8

38

H

I I + IO

Canada

Viscount Powerscourt.

59i

38

6 h

9'i

I I + I I

p

1 1.R.I I. the Duke of Saxe-

Coburg and Gotha.

1 Height at shoulder, 8 ft. 2 in.?; skull horns, 68 lbs. ; estimated weight, 2600 lbs.

2 Height at shoulder stated to be 7 ft. 8 in.?

ELK OR

Greatest

width.

Length to longest tine.

Circum-

ference

above

burr.

Tip to Tip.

Breadth of Palm.

Points.

59*

43*

8*

40

14*

14+13

5«*

38

8*

39

II

12+ II

57?

37?

8

35i

II*

11 + 13

57*

38

8

21*

14

18+15

57*

40*

8

35

13*

12+ II

57

45

8*

38

13*

10 + 9

57

39

8*

38*

12^

15 + 12

56*

39*

7?

37

13*

14+ II

-56

42 1

10

35?

i3i

12+ II

54*

39*

7

38

16

13+12

-54*

4i

...

...

12+ II

54*

4°*

7 2

35

13

9 + 9

54

36*

8

43*

7*

9 + 9

54

36*

6*

41

5*

7 + 6

53*

4i

9

284

13*

15 + H

53

37

7*

33

12

16+ 15

52l

38*

7

...

io|

1 1 + 10

-50*

39

8*

35

19*

18 + 14

MOOSE

I I

Locality.

Owner.

Manitoba .

G. H. M. Banks.

p

W. Moat.

Canada

Thomas Bate.

Do.

C. H. Akroyd.

Maine

J. S. Braithwaite.

Alaska

Hon. J. C. Lister.

N. America

Sir Edmund G. Loder, Bt.

Do.

Sir Peter Walker, Bart.

Do.

T. W. Wood, Jun.

Canada

Sylvester Browne.

Do.

General R. L. Dashwood.

New Brunswick

A. C. Bell.

Manitoba .

T. P. Kempson.

Wyoming ?

Capt. The Hon. A. Stourton.

Canada

H.R. II. Prince of Wales.

Montana .

T. P. Kempson.

N. America

British Museum

?

Imperial Museum, Vienna.

1 Inside.

I 2

RECORDS OF BIG GAME

B. European Race.

Greatest

width.

Length to longest

Circum-

ference

above

Tip to Tip.

Breadth of Palm.

Points.

Locality.

Owner.

tine.

burr.

-52

32

7

...

9

9 + 9

Norway .

H. J. Elwes.

-5lf

33

Si

36*

15*

10+ 10

Do.

Capt. Gerard Ferrand.

48

32

37*

10 + 9

Nr. St. Peters-

Prince E. Demidoff.

t burg

47

28

6*

32

9

8 + 8

Norway .

Sir II. Pottinger, Bart.

-46

32i

7*

33

11*

10+ 10

Sweden .

Capt. Gerard Ferrand.

1 46